Composting with worms can be as simple or complex as you wish. A basic 38 L Rubbermaid bin with a lid is all you need. Some folks prefer something a little more complicated like the stacking tray system the Worm Factory 360 pictured here. It makes no difference as the fundamental process remains the same. There are a few things you’ll need to understand before you get started.
The worms most commonly used Red Wigglers they are what’s described as a leaf litter worm and are not indigenous to cold northern climates. This is why they will not survive winter in most outdoor settings. Under the leaf litter and above the top soil you will find a thin layer of decomposing organic material, this is the realm of the Red Wiggler.
Just as outdoor compost needs green and brown components so does a worm bin. The old veggie scraps and off cuts in a worm bin represents the green or nitrogen input in the compost and the bedding made from paper, straw or dry leaves is the brown or Carbon input. The bedding plays a twofold part in vermicomposting as it replicates the natural leaf litter habitat of the worms and acts as a moisture control.
None of the composting activity would be possible without bacteria and microorganisms. The worms alone do not break down organic material and rely on bacterial decomposition to survive in their habitat; they live in active compost.
In ideal conditions including temperature, moisture and food availability one adult worm will produce an egg case containing 2-4 baby Red Wigglers every 8-10 weeks.
Now that you’ve got the basics why not get some worms and get started today? Contact us here through the web page or visit us on Face Book, we’re here to help.